Dental Implants

Dental implants procedure, types, and benefits

The mouth not only has a great impact when it comes to esthetics, but it also affects the well-being of the rest of our body, since it is a delicate area. If you have gum problems due to periodontal disease, this can affect other parts of the body, besides dental problems can be triggered to affect the rest of the teeth. Because of all this, if the dental problems are excessively serious and irreparable, the possibility of using dental implants arises.

If you have dentures, which are very uncomfortable, it is advisable to talk to your dentist to consider the option of dental implants.

Dental implants are very effective at replacing missing teeth and are a great option for restoring your smile.

Dental implants are one of the greatest dental advances of all time, made of titanium and other materials compatible with the rest of the human body. They are surgically placed, using crews embedded in the lower or upper jaw, as required by the patient, these screws work as an anchor, to place the replacement teeth.

The implants are metallic elements, surgically placed in the maxillary bones, After they have been placed in the indicated place, a crown or fixed bridges are placed, which will serve as a replacement for the teeth that were lost.

Before making the decision to acquire a dental implant, it is very important that you learn about them, what types of implants exist, and which ones are right for you.

What are dental implants?

Dental implants can be said to function as substitutes for the roots of lost teeth, after having extracted those teeth that had no chance of recovering. They come in different shapes, depending on what each patient needs, and the dentist inserts them into the jawbone.

They consist of titanium screws that are placed in the jaw through a minor surgical intervention and help to replace the root of the missing tooth. After the surgery, a custom-made crown is placed, these dental crowns fulfill all the functions of a natural tooth.

Dental implants are perfect when the patient does not want to wear a removable prosthesis or grind down healthy teeth, as in fixed dental bridges.

Dental implants have long helped restore teeth and smiles for many people around the world.

It is the ideal option to allow proper occlusion, restore chewing function and allows people to smile with confidence. It s arguably the closest option to having a new tooth in perfect condition.

How do dental implants work?

If you are missing teeth and do not want to have a bridge or dentures, dental implants are right for you.

Dental implants give you a much more natural appearance than dentures or dental bridges since the implants are inserted directly into the jawbone. In order to use dental implants, you must be in good oral health and have strong, healthy, and strong gums and jaws capable of perfectly supporting a dental implant.

The dental implant fuses with the jawbone and provides support for the artificial teeth. Dentures that are placed over implants have a great advantage, as they do not slip in the mouth and function perfectly for speech and the chewing process. The adaptation process gives the bridges, prostheses, or crowns the feeling of being extremely natural.

How are dental implants placed?

If your trusted dentist determines that you are completely healthy and fit for dental implants, he/she will plan the surgical procedures to be performed in the dental clinic, using local anesthesia or general anesthesia, as required by the patient, and the degree of difficulty of the surgery, depending on the dental health.

The implant placement process usually takes a few months.

First, the patient must undergo a surgical intervention to insert the implant in the jaw, the gingival tissue will cover it, and then it will proceed to integrate with the bone, for a period of 3 to 6 months.

Second, the dentist will place an abutment and the gingival tissue will have to grow around the dental implant. Sometimes the implant and the abutment can be placed simultaneously. The combination of the abutment and the implant will serve as an anchor so that the artificial tooth can be placed.

Finally, after all these steps have been completed, the dentist will attach a dental crown, which will be custom-made to fit the abutment of the implant and the patient’s needs.

How long does it take to place a dental implant?

It should be taken into consideration that the placement of dental implants takes several hours and sometimes more than one intervention is required. For this reason, it is recommended that patients who are prone to develop an infection should not have them placed.

But if the patients are in good health, he/she should make sure to follow every instruction given by the dentist to the letter, such as having good oral hygiene, a good tooth brushing technique, and daily flossing after the dental implant procedure, in order to keep the teeth completely healthy.

Benefits or advantages of dental implants.

The placement of dental implants is a completely painless surgical procedure and will allow you to enjoy a perfect smile in a short time. They are a safe and easy option that will allow you to show off a healthy mouth. When we lose one or more teeth, our daily life can be compromised, since limiting the functionally of the rest of the mouth.

Among the benefits of dental implants, the fact that they are much more comfortable when it comes to eating and speaking naturally, compared to dentures, stands out. It is beneficial to use dentures since they cannot be removed and repairs are not necessary. The patient should visit the dentist regularly to ensure that the dental implants are in the best condition. The patient should maintain a routine that involves good oral hygiene.

Dental implants help to improve the patient’s confidence since aesthetically they perfectly imitate natural teeth. They are easy to maintain, it is only necessary to perform correct hygiene. They effectively fulfill their function. If they are well cared for, dental implants can last as long as a natural tooth.

The surgical procedure to place them only consists of a small surgery under local anesthesia, the patient can quickly return to normal life.

There is a dental implant placement procedure called immediate loading and this intervention replaces the missing teeth by placing the implant and the crown on the same day.

Disadvantages of having dental implants.

The disadvantages of dental implants are minimal.

Rejection of the implants due to poor healing between the bone and the implant may be one of the disadvantages of this surgical procedure. In spite of this, it is uncommon for this to happen, since there is a 98% success rate, If the conditions are given and there is a good quality in the patient’s maxillary bone and a good oral health condition, there is no rejection of the implants. Sometimes there is a possibility that some teeth may break, but there is a very low rate of this happening. It can be a costly process, but the benefits are worth it. It is strictly necessary that the patient has a hard bone to achieve a good final result. Sometimes there may be minor complications related to bleeding, infection, or swelling of the face.

How dental implants influence patient’s lives?

In some cases the loss of some teeth or dental pieces can occur, this can be inevitable, due to eating disorders or some other problem, and this can seriously affect the life of a person.

The lack of some teeth or dental pieces can lower the self-esteem of a person, preventing their normal development in society, there may arise the fear of smiling because you can notice some spaces that aesthetically do not look good. This is why the placement of dental implants is the best option,.improving the appearance and personal safety of the patient.

Types of dental implants.

The American Dental Association considers that there are two types of dental implants, these are:

  1. Endos-osseous (inside the bone) implants:

They are implanted through a surgical intervention directly into the maxillary bones. After the surrounding tissue has healed, a second surgery is necessary to connect the post to the implant. Finally, an artificial tooth is placed over the titanium screw. The teeth will be grouped or will be individual teeth in a bridge or n a fixed prosthesis. This type of implant is the most commonly used today, When the implant is ready and the osseointegration is finished, the Canora or prosthesis is placed. Endo-osseous implants can be cylindrical, screws, or plates.

Screw-shaped dental implants are the most commonly used nowadays and are made of titanium. Its main advantage is that it can be placed in one or several teeth consecutively. The surface of the implant can be altered with Titanium Plasma Spray (TPS), which achieves greater strength when implanted with the bone, reducing the osseointegration time and ensuring much more effective results.

Cylindrical implants are those that are integrated with the bone by means of small perforations so that the bone develops inside and is firmly placed. In order to perform this implant, it is necessary to use a scalpel. The realization of the implant can be slow since the bone must be integrated little by little.

  1. Subperiosteal implants:

they consist of a metal frame, placed in the maxillary bone, below the gum tissue. For this reason, they have the shape of the edge of the bone, this allows them to be correctly fixed.

They consist of a frame placed in the maxillary bones under the gum. After healing, the frame is fixed to the maxillary bone. The posts are placed in the frame and protrude through the gums. Finally, the artificial teeth are placed over the posts.

This type of dental implant is usually used for patients who cannot use conventional dentures. This type of implant is hardly used anymore. There are risks in osseointegration since they are placed above the bone. Subperiosteal implants are extensive and require a much more extensive surgical intervention, which prevents the patient’s rapid recovery.

Classification of dental implants according to their placement.

  1. Immediate load implants:

This type of dental implant has a great advantage since the gum does not have to be opened in order to insert the dental implant. The implant will be placed and then the crown will be fixed immediately. In order to be able to perform the immediate loading, it is necessary that there is a good amount of bone. There must not be any type of infection.

  1. All On 4 and All On 6 techniques:

These techniques consist of offering the patient who suffers a partial or total loss of teeth, a full arch fixed dental prosthesis on top of dental implants, on the same day of the intervention.

The All On 4 and All On 6 implants are very beneficial since they allow patients to quickly recover their quality of life, On the same day as the dental implants, the specialist places a full arch prosthesis fixed on 4 or 6.

The treatment time is much shorter, therefore the number of interventions considerably reduced and the time to obtain the definitive pieces is considerably minimized.

Even if the patient has a deficient quality and quantity of bone, stability is achieved. This type of implants are longer than other implants, in order to take full advantage of the contact with the bone.

Treatment costs are much cheaper than other types of dental implants, which require bone grafting techniques.

The two-stage dental implants consist of a first phase that induces the implant and allows its integration into the bone. After 3 and 6 months the abutment and crown will be placed.

The success rate of All On 4 implants is 95% or higher. The implants that require this technique are the same that are placed without using this technique. Since the implants are made of titanium, which is a very resistant and biocompatible material, it allows them to be integrated into the bone with excellent results, without any type of rejection or allergy. This difference lies in the inclination at which the four implants are placed inside the oral cavity.

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