Dental decays are microorganisms that accumulate in the mouth due to food. If the person does not have adequate oral hygiene, these microorganisms will affect the dental pieces in such a way that they can damage them completely, and can cause the deed to extract the damaged tooth.
What is always sought in dentistry is that the permanent teeth, that is, the natural teeth, are protected, remaining healthy in the oral cavity, to avoid losing it and place a dental bridge or false tooth.
Pit and fissure sealants can be a very effective and efficient way to prevent these microorganisms called dental decay from appearing in those teeth that have pits and fissures.
In order to place the pit and fissure sealing, the specialist dentist must make sure to perform everything in the way indicated in the literature review found in the guidelines of the scientific protocols, and in this way use the pit and fissure sealing in the correct way, which will help in the prevention of dental decay.
There are teeth that due to their position are more prone to develop dental decay. In addition to this, the poor oral hygiene of a person can increase their propensity to suffer from these microorganisms. This is why the use of pit and fissure sealants is recommended because it prevents food from accumulating, thus preventing and stopping tooth decay.
Pit and fissure sealants are effective against dental decay in the short, medium, and long term.
The main purpose of pit and fissure sealants is to protect the pits and fissures of the tooth, to prevent and stop the appearance of dental decay, which can damage the tooth in such a way that a root canal treatment or extraction is necessary.
Its other main objectives are to plug the pits and fissures with a dentistry-tested material that is capable of resisting food acids. By plugging or sealing these pits or fissures, you will be preventing the ability of bacteria and microorganisms that cause tooth decay from appearing and damaging the teeth. Together with a good tooth brushing technique, dental floss and mouthwash will guarantee a completely healthy and perfect mouth.
Pit and fissure sealants are an effective method to prevent and avoid the spread of dental decay inside the mouth. However, despite being an effective and efficient method, there are some disagreements when performing this technique on any patient.
It is extremely important that the specialist dentist performs a thorough review of the literature, following the guidelines of the dental societies to the letter, in order to implement the application of pit and fissure sealant techniques.
Pit and fissure sealants can be used to both prevent and stop dental decay.
To carry out the application of pit and fissure sealants, first, the operative field must be isolated, either with staples or with cotton rolls, so that the place where the work will be done can be dry.
Then, the dentist must perform a cleaning of the tooth to which the pit and fissure sealant will be applied.
Afterward, when the tooth is completely clean, the acid will be applied and left to act for about 20 to 40 minutes, and then removed.
When all these steps have been completed, the dental specialist will apply the pit and fissure sealants in all those places of the tooth that he or she considers convenient, taking special care to leave the tooth without any type of relief that may cause discomfort to the patient.
Once the pit and fissure sealant has been placed, the dentist will proceed with the polymerization, which will take about 35 minutes.
After having finished the polymerization with the special lamp, the dentist will check that everything has been well, and then verify that the patient’s occlusion is completely normal, without any discomfort or inconvenience.
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