Children’s dentistry and what it consists of.

It is very important for parents that their children have good health in every area of their lives, and oral health is not left behind.

Pedodontics will be in charge of providing comprehensive treatment to the patient from their first years of life, until their adulthood.

Pedodontics is the branch of dentistry carried out by the pediatric dentist, who is the dentist in charge of the oral health of children and adolescents.

Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry that adapts the treatments of general dentistry to children.

Pedodontics is the dental specialty that allows the dentist to inspect and notice if the child has any type of anomaly or lesion in the oral cavity.


From 4 to 7 years of age, children molt the baby teeth that erupt from 6 months to the first year of life. After the baby teeth are lost, children get their secondary teeth, which are permanent.

It is necessary for even children to maintain good oral health because if they do not, they are likely to develop tooth decay, and periodontal disease, which can cause them to feel a lot of pain and discomfort in the oral cavity.

Dental decay is very common in children. Therefore it is necessary that if they present discomfort, even if it is slight, they should be taken to the dentist. If you notice abnormalities in your child’s teeth, or if you see that your child has any discomfort when eating, it is very important that you take him/her to a consultation with the pediatric dentist, who is the dentist specialized in children’s dentistry.

Differences between general dentistry and pedodontics.

The difference between general dentistry and pedodontics is that human beings, during their first years of life, have teeth that are milk teeth, and then these teeth are responsible for giving way to permanent teeth. Therefore, the dental treatment of a child cannot be the same as the dental treatment of an adult.

It could be said that treatments in pedodontics are done in a slightly less careful way, that is, perhaps in a slightly less conservative way since it is not strictly necessary to protect the baby tooth since the permanent tooth will come out later.

Sometimes, it is possible that the dentist performs some kind of treatment on the primary teeth, which can then damage the permanent teeth.

It is recommended that parents take their children to the pediatric dentist as soon as the child reaches one year of age.

When is it advisable for children to see a pediatric dentist?

It is recommended that parents take their children to the children’s dentist when the child turns one year old.

During the child’s visit to the dentist, the dentist will evaluate the growth of the jaw, and will also evaluate the correct growth of the primary teeth. The dentist will also give the parents the necessary recommendations to avoid dental cavities and periodontal diseases.

More and more children are going to the dentist with dental caries problems. Therefore, the best way to attack this is to teach children to take good care of their teeth and oral hygiene. Parents should initiate these practices even before the baby’s first tooth erupts.

What are the most common treatments in pedodontics?

Pedodontics, as we have already said, is the branch of dentistry that is responsible for attacking those diseases in the dental cavity of children. The primary function of the pedodontist is to prevent children from growing up with oral diseases that are difficult to solve when they become adults.

Therefore, there are different conditions that tend to be more common than others, and when they are known, they can be attacked, if necessary, or prevent them from appearing in the future.

The sealants of grooves and fissures are one of the most common treatments in pedodontics. Consist of a treatment to prevent tooth decay, in which any fissure that has the surface of the child’s tooth, is filled. The main objective of this treatment is to protect the patient from any appearance of dental caries.

On the other hand, pulpectomy is also one of the most frequent dental treatments performed on children; this treatment treats a cavity that has reached the pulp of the child’s milk tooth, and its main objective is to protect the tooth without the need to extract it.

There is also orthodontics applied to children; it consists of correcting the direction of the teeth of children or the bone. It also avoids bad bites or different diseases that derive from deviations in the teeth.

Dental fillings are also very common treatments in pedodontics; it consists of taking care of those teeth affected by tooth decay, to prevent it from reaching the nerve and having to extract them.

Children’s dentistry not only treats conditions but also takes care of preventing future periodontal diseases, so we can also highlight the application of fluoride, to promote healthy growth in children’s teeth.

Parents should take their children to the dentist at least twice a year, for a simple check-up, or to ensure that there is no problem with the patient’s oral health. In addition, good hygiene and good treatment will depend on the child’s dental future.

The pediatric dentist is the one who will be in charge of instructing both parents and children in dental habits to avoid diseases.

How to avoid oral problems in children?

It is up to both parents and the children’s dentist to teach children the basic principles to maintain good oral hygiene because, although children have baby teeth, which will later be replaced by permanent teeth. It is vitally important to take care of them both, to avoid dental problems in the future.

It is necessary that the child is instructed from the moment he/she has the use of reason, in the primordial cares to maintain good health in the oral cavity, such as the correct brushing technique or the application of dental floss after having brushed the teeth.

In addition to the good dental care that can be given to the child at home, it is essential that parents take the child to the dentist once or twice a year to check that everything is going well.

Pedodontics and children with special needs.

Children with special needs are not exempt from needing dental treatment, as these patients tend to suffer more frequently from dental conditions such as bruxism (which is grinding the teeth or clenching them unconsciously, causing headaches, pain in the jaws or neck), gingivitis (this is a periodontal disease, which inflames the gums, causing them to turn a very red color, besides causing a lot of pain in the patient), halitosis (which is a disease that causes chronic bad breath in the patient), dental trauma (caused by some kind of blow to the tooth), or deviations in the teeth.

Children with special needs are those patients with some degree of autism, attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder, or some type of serious illness.

Dental hygiene according to the age of the child.

We already know that pedodontics is the branch of dentistry dedicated to meet the dental needs of children.

It is necessary that the child’s parents take care of maintaining good oral hygiene, even when the first tooth has not erupted.

It is well known that children’s first teeth to erupt are milk teeth and then these are replaced by permanent teeth. However, from the time of birth until the time when all the child’s teeth are permanent, it will take some time. Therefore it is vital that the child is instilled, from an early age, to maintain good oral hygiene and oral health.

When children are born, they do not have teeth, however, it is necessary for parents to clean the gums after each feeding, wrapping a finger in a gauze that is previously sterilized, wetting it, and wringing it out to pass it throughout the baby’s oral cavity.

After the baby’s first teeth erupt, it is necessary to maintain good oral hygiene with a toothbrush. It is important that parents choose a toothbrush according to the child’s age and that it has soft bristles to avoid hurting the child.

Parents should moisten the toothbrush with water and then pass it around the oral cavity slowly and carefully.

When the child is older, parents should teach them to brush their teeth by themselves. So,  the first thing to do is to choose a children’s toothpaste that is not too abrasive and does not damage their teeth. Then, they will apply the tooth brushing techniques previously taught by their parents. In the end, it is necessary for parents to make sure that they use dental floss and that everything is clean.

When children are much older, they should be completely familiar with good tooth brushing techniques and that it is convenient to brush their teeth after eating each meal.

It is important to remember that it is necessary for the child to visit the dentist at least twice a year.

Importance of pedodontics or children’s dentistry.

Pedodontics or children’s dentistry is very important since children tend to be more susceptible to tooth decay than adults, due to lack of hygiene or poor application of dental cleaning techniques.

It is also important to take the child to the pediatric dentist once or twice a year, since this specialist is the one who will see if everything is going well with the patient’s oral health, and if not, the pediatric dentist will take care of any dental condition that the child may present.

Parents also play a very important role in the oral care of their children since it is at home where they will learn to maintain a good habit of regular dental health, after eating each meal.