Orthodontics

The many uses of orthodontics.

Crooked teeth can be born that way, mostly due to genetics, that is, by family inheritance. Although they can also become crooked due to the use of pacifiers in childhood. It is very important to take into account children’s habits, such as thumb sucking since it is also one of the causes of crooked teeth. It may also be due to a lack of space in the oral cavity, which causes the teeth to become crowded.

Crooked teeth cause the jaw to shift position and as a result, cause the teeth to erupt differently than they should.

Besides the fact that crooked teeth look bad aesthetically, in the long run, they can cause a series of serious oral problems, such as periodontal diseases, either gingivitis or periodontitis. Crooked teeth are also more prone to tooth decay.

It is for this reason that orthodontics has been one of the most popular oral specialties among dentists, as it is very common for people to have problems with crooked teeth and crowding.

Throughout history, orthodontics has evolved from very large, uncomfortable, and painful screws placed in the teeth to modern stainless steel and ceramic braces. As well as invisible braces.

If you suffer from crooked or crowded teeth, you can go to a specialist dentist who will proceed to evaluate you and then give you a diagnosis and possible solution to the problem.

Orthodontic appliances improve both the appearance of the patient’s teeth and the bite, thus helping to prevent further wear on the teeth over time.

Orthodontics is that branch of dentistry that is responsible for correcting all those abnormalities in the shapes of the dental arches and the position of both jaws, in order to give the patient’s mouth the aesthetics and proper bite.

Orthodontics allows crowded or crooked teeth to move, to place them in the proper position, and thus have good occlusion.

The perfect smile is not only one that complies with all the protocols of oral hygiene, it is also one that has a good bite and aligned teeth without any cavities or periodontal disease.

Unfortunately, not all people have perfectly aligned teeth, so it is necessary that if you have problems of crowding and crooked teeth, go to the orthodontist, which is the dentist specializing in the matter.

The dentist with a specialization in orthodontics is the appropriate professional to determine, foresee and manage all those conditions in malocclusion, crowding, or misaligned teeth. Orthodontists are able to work with both children and adults, regardless of age range.

Normally, from an early age, parents may notice that their children’s teeth are becoming crooked, so it is recommended that if you notice that something is wrong with your child’s oral cavity. Go immediately to the dentist to fix any type of condition and stop it in time to prevent it from causing serious problems in the future.

What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that is responsible for studying, diagnosing, preventing, and managing all those anomalies in the correct growth and development of teeth, dental arches, and jaws.

Orthodontics helps to improve the aesthetics of the patient’s teeth, and in turn, helps to improve their functionality, allowing crowded teeth to move to be in the right place and have good occlusion.

It is necessary that patients with chewing problems and teeth that developed incorrectly, go to a specialist dentist since the orthodontist is the only one who can provide a solution to this condition that changes from the shape of the patient’s face to chewing.

Orthodontics not only corrects the teeth but also the jawbones that have grown and developed incorrectly.

The bad position of the dental pieces not only affects the esthetic part but also the functional part of the whole oral cavity.

How does orthodontics work?

Orthodontics works in such a way that the dentist places orthopedics appliances on the patient, which can be removable or fixed, in order to reorganize the position of the dental pieces, the arches, or the jawbone.

Dental appliances work progressively and changes are seen over time, that is, in the medium to long term. However, once the term of the dental appliances inside the oral cavity has been completed, the results are excellent and long-lasting.

When you go to the dentist, the specialist will evaluate you and proceed to tell you what type of braces you need, according to your condition. These can be orthodontic appliances, which consist of wires placed around the teeth, fixed with small plastic bands that cause pressure. Your dentist may also tell you that you need special fixed appliances, which help correct problems such as thumb sucking. He or she may also recommend the use of fixed space retainers to hold the space where a missing tooth comes in. Among other series of appliances dedicated to the correction of teeth.

What types of orthodontics are there?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that encompasses numerous ways to treat teeth that have erupted incorrectly or to treat children’s teeth that have not yet erupted into the oral cavity.

There are different types of orthodontic treatments, depending on what each patient needs, depending on their dental problems.

If you go to an orthodontist, it is because you want to correct the position of your teeth, so the specialist will tell you what is best for you, either just because your teeth are crowded or crooked, or because you need to change the position of the jawbone or correct malocclusion.

All types of orthodontics have a common goal: to correct the position of the teeth, in a progressive manner, in order to achieve the results for both you and the orthodontist.

Taking all this into account, there are two categories when talking about types of orthodontic treatments, among which fixed orthodontics and removable orthodontics stand out.

Fixed orthodontics is a type of orthodontics that remains permanently inside the oral cavity. There are several types of fixed orthodontics, either by the material used or by its purpose inside the mouth.

  1. Metal dental braces: 

Metal braces or brackets are those that fully effectively correct problems of crowding, crooked teeth,  malocclusion, or malposition of the dental arches.

Metal braces consist of small pieces of metal placed on the front of the teeth, crossed with elongated pieces of metal or stainless steel, and fastened with small rubber bands, which are intended to gradually move the teeth that are in a bad position.

The plastic bands must be changed on a monthly basis, in order to exert the necessary pressure, so that the dental brackets give the expected results.

Metal brackets help to move the teeth little by little, improving their position and closing all those spaces that need to be closed.

There are visible and invisible dental braces, but they depend more on aesthetics and patient preferences since their functionality is the same.

  1. Ceramic and sapphire dental braces:

Ceramic and sapphire dental braces serve the same function as metal dental braces, only they give a much more esthetic appearance to the smile.

Ceramic and sapphire braces are placed on the front teeth, alternating with metal braces, which are placed on the back teeth.

They are much nicer to look at than traditional metal braces, only the cost, due to the material, is a little higher, but they are worth it.

The difference between ceramic braces and sapphire braces is that sapphire braces are less noticeable on the teeth, so they can sometimes go completely unnoticed by other people. They are much smaller in size than traditional braces and are less painful to the gums and the inside of the mouth. In addition, sapphire braces are extremely resistant, they can hardly be damaged or broken.

  1. Internal or lingual orthodontics:

As its name says, this type of orthodontics is characterized by being placed internally in the teeth, resulting in not being in sight.

Its main function is to remain hidden, avoiding aesthetic problems for the patient. This type of dental appliance is custom-designed for each patient, to prevent them from being uncomfortable inside the oral cavity.

One of the main advantages of this type of orthodontics is that more precise results are obtained in less time than with metal, ceramic, or sapphire brackets.

On the other hand, there is removable orthodontics, which are those orthopedic appliances that can be easily removed from the oral cavity when the patient needs to eat or brush his teeth. Removable orthodontics include:

  1. Invisible orthodontics:

This type of invisible orthodontics is used according to the specific needs of each patient since the appliances are created in a personalized way so that it adapts correctly inside the oral cavity. The purpose of invisible orthodontics is to place a completely transparent appliance, renewable every so often.

The advantage of invisible orthodontics is that it is not necessary for the patient to wear uncomfortable metal or sapphire brackets. In addition, their transparent covers can be easily removed when you need to eat or brush your teeth.

Their main function is to correctly align all the teeth, and just like traditional orthodontics, this is achieved progressively.

  1. Removable functional appliances:

Removable functional appliances are designed to improve the alignment of the teeth.

Functional appliances are usually worn by children who have alignment problems as they being to molt their baby teeth into permanent teeth.

Functional braces gradually achieve the desired results in both the teeth and the jawbone.

A great advantage of the removable functional appliances is that they are removable, allowing the patient to clean them and adequately clean their teeth, maintaining good oral health. Their purpose is to exert moderate pressure on the teeth so that they change position to the desired position. They not only help to improve the alignment of the teeth but also help to expand the jaws and correct bite problems.

There are also different phases of orthodontic treatments, depending on the specific needs of the patient. These treatments include preventive orthodontics, which as its name suggests. Is responsible for preventing the poor development of the teeth and bone structure of the oral cavity of the child. Normally preventive orthodontics is applied in children from 2 to 7 years old.

Similarly, there is interceptive orthodontics, which drastically intervenes in the child’s bad habits, whether it is thumb sucking or any other habit that may harm the normal development of their teeth.

On the other hand, dentomaxillary orthopedics is responsible for correcting those dental problems already produced in the child, either in the dental arches or lack of space within the oral cavity, among others.

Corrective orthodontics is responsible for correcting all those problems of crowding, misalignment, or malocclusion in the patient and its use is recommended from the age of 12,  after the development of dental and bone structures has been completed.

And finally, we find orthognathic surgery, which is responsible for correcting all those bone malformations that the patient may present. It is advisable to undergo this surgery when the patient has reached mature adult age.

How do you know if you need orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a dental specialty that aims to restore the harmony of teeth within the oral cavity. It now only helps to improve aesthetics. It also helps to improve the functionality of teeth and malocclusion problems.

You and your dentist will know if you are a candidate for orthodontics if you have dental problems that need correction, such as problems when biting, where the upper teeth completely cover the lower teeth, or in the opposite case when the lower teeth are further forward than the upper teeth; also when there are spaces between the teeth of the lower and upper jaw, preventing the teeth of both dental arches meet or when the lower teeth do not match the upper teeth. Likewise, you will know if you need braces when your teeth are crooked or misaligned. 

In any case, you should remember that it is advisable to go to the dentist at least once or twice a year for a check-up to rule out any type of condition. Crowded or misaligned teeth are easy to treat and leave very good results that will last over time. So, the best investment you can make is to dedicate time and care to the health of your dental cavity.

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